This section contains example exam questions. Students are expected to write 2- to 3-page answers to each question.

Example Exam Questions

1. Put forward three arguments (with specific examples) for why connectionist architectures cannot serve as the general model of cognition. For each argument, present a counter-argument.

2. Please describe three lines of evidence that suggest humans use image-like mental representations. Present criticisms of each.

3. Describe some of the differences between American and East-Asian cultures studied by Nisbett and colleagues. Include empirical examples.