Several readings are from the two course textbooks, abbreviated as follows in the table below:
TWP, read pp. vii-ix and chapter 1. Chapter 2 recommended but not required.
Read chapter 1, pp. 1-6, in DMI.
|I. Value and the good life|
|3||Desire satisfaction and the good||
TWP, read chapter 3.
Kraut, Richard. "Desire and the Human Good." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68, no. 2 (1994): 39-54.
TWP, chapter 5. Chapter 4 recommended but not required.
|6||Three moral theories||
DMI, Introduction sections 2A (pp. 6-11), 2C (pp. 15-20), 2E (pp. 23-24).
Sayre-McCord, Geoffrey. "Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Very Brief Selective Summary of Sections I and II." University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000. (PDF)
|7||Film: "The Global Banquet: Politics of Food"|
|8||Film: "Skin Deep"|
|II. The moral community|
Singer, Peter. "All Animals Are Equal." DMI, pp. 477.
Pollan, Michael. "An Animal's Place." The New York Times Magazine, November 10, 2002.
Cohen, Carl. "In Defense of Speciesism." DMI, pp. 485.
Wenz, Peter. "An Ecological Argument for Vegetarianism." Ethics and Animals, no. 5 (1984).
|11||The value of nature||
Baxter, William. "People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution." DMI, pp. 513.
Leopold, Aldo. "The Land Ethic." DMI, pp. 517.
Taylor, Paul W. "The Ethics of Respect for Nature." DMI, pp. 522.
Thomson, Janna. "A Refutation of Environmental Ethics." DMI, pp. 533.
Hill Jr., Thomas E. "Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment." DMI, pp. 542.
|III. Obligations to others|
A. Global justice
|13||The distant needy||
Hardin, Garrett. "Lifeboat Ethics." DMI, pp. 447.
Singer, Peter. "Famine, Affluence and Morality." DMI, pp. 452.
|14||Famine relief||O'Neill, Onora. "A Kantian Approach to World Hunger." DMI, pp. 467.|
|15||Addressing structural injustice||
Pogge, Thomas. "Eradicating Systematic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend." Journal of Human Development 2, no. 1 (2001): 59-77. (PDF)
B. Racism, sexism and speech
|16||Racism: attitudes and structures||
Guest lecture: Adam Hosein, MIT Linguistics and Philosophy
Pojman, Louis P. "Why Affirmative Action is Immoral." DMI, pp. 218.
Hill Jr., Thomas. "The Message of Affirmative Action." DMI, pp. 227.
|18||Racist speech||Phillips, Michael. "Racist Acts and Racist Humor." DMI, pp. 196.|
Lawrence III, Charles R. "Racist Speech as the Functional Equivalent of Fighting Words." DMI, pp. 121.
Arthur, John. "Sticks and Stones." DMI, pp. 125.
|20||Free speech and pornography||
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography. "Pornography and Harm." DMI, pp. 92.
Dworkin, Ronald. "Liberty and Pornography." DMI, pp. 107.
Mill, John Stuart. "On Liberty." London, UK: Longman, Roberts & Green, 1869.
|21||Pornography and equality||
Hill, Judith. "Pornography and Degradation." DMI, pp. 113.
C. Sexual morality and marriage
|22||Film: "Tying the Knot"||
Human Rights Campaign. "Massachusetts Marriage Decision Questions and Answers."
Goodridge, et al. Department of Public Health.
"Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics." DMI, pp. 41.
West, Robin. "Sex, Law and Consent." Georgetown Law. Georgetown Law Faculty Working Papers. Paper 71, July 23, 2008.
Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles . Book 3: 122.
Corvino, John. "Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality." DMI, pp. 68.
Lloyd, Elisabeth. "Pre-theoretical Assumptions in Evolutionary Explanations of Female Sexuality." Philosophical Studies 69 (1993): 139-153.
|25||Gay and lesbian marriage||Calhoun, Cheshire. "Defending Marriage." Chapter 5 in Feminism, Family and the Politics of the Closet: Lesbian and Gay Displacement. Reprint ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780199257669.|
|26||Final lecture, exam questions distributed|
Additional Recommended Readings
Harris, Luke Charles, and Uma Narayan. "Affirmative Action as Equalizing Opportunity: Challenging the Myth of "Preferential Treatment." Chapter 46 in Ethics in Practice. 2nd ed. Edited by Hugh LaFollette. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, 2002. ISBN: 9780631228349.
Loeb, Don. "Full Information Theories of the Individual Good." Social Theory and Practice 21, no. 1 (1995): 637-658.
West, Robin. "The Harms of Consensual Sex." The American Philosophical Association Newsletters 94, no. 2 (1995): 52-55.
Bittman, Mark. "Rethinking the Meat-Guzzler." The New York Times, January 27, 2008.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "Moral Relativism." Look especially at section 2.
Lakoff, George. "What's in a Word? Plenty, if it's "Marriage."" Rockridge Institute, July 22, 2005.
Card, Claudia. "Why Gays Shouldn't Marry." The Little Magazine, vol. 2, no. 3, "Belonging."